UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has introduced a brand new nationwide lockdown for England till at the least mid-February to fight a fast-spreading new variant of the coronavirus, whilst Britain ramped up its vaccination program by changing into the primary nation to start out utilizing the shot developed by Oxford College and drugmaker AstraZeneca.Mr Johnson stated individuals should keep at residence once more, as they had been ordered to take action within the first wave of the pandemic in March, this time as a result of the brand new virus variant was spreading in a "irritating and alarming" manner.READ MORE: UK ramps up inoculations as Oxford-AstraZeneca jabs start for first sufferers"As I communicate to you tonight, our hospitals are underneath extra stress from COVID than at any time for the reason that begin of the pandemic," he stated.Below the brand new guidelines, that are set to come back into impact as quickly as potential, major and secondary colleges and faculties will likely be closed for nose to nose studying apart from the youngsters of key employees. College college students won’t be returning till at the least mid-February.All nonessential retailers and private care companies like hairdressers will likely be closed, and eating places can solely function takeout companies.As of Monday, there have been 26,626 COVID sufferers in hospitals in England, a rise of greater than 30 per cent from per week in the past. That’s 40 per cent above the very best degree of the primary wave within the spring.LIVE UPDATES: Qantas begins promoting flights once moreREAD MORE: UK in 'eye of the storm' amid surging new coronavirus instancesThe UK has seen an alarming surge in coronavirus instances in current weeks as public well being officers wrestle to manage the unfold of a brand new variant of COVID-19 that’s extra contagious than earlier variants. Authorities have recorded greater than 50,000 new infections a day since passing that milestone for the primary time on Dec. 29. On Monday, they reported 407 virus-related deaths to push the confirmed loss of life toll complete to 75,431, one of many worst in Europe.The UK's chief medical officers warned that with out additional motion, "there’s a materials threat of the Nationwide Well being Service in a number of areas being overwhelmed over the following 21 days." Mr Johnson stated the UK should transfer to alert degree 5.Hours earlier, Scottish chief Nicola Sturgeon additionally imposed a lockdown in her nation till the top of January.